Event Response to the July 2019 Ridgecrest Earthquake Sequence

The July 2019 Ridgecrest earthquakes occurred in southern California not far from the city of Ridgecrest. Approximately 30 million people felt the mainshock. The GAGE facility has instrumentation in the footprint of the earthquake series and curated data to be used for scientific investigation.

This earthquake event response covers two related earthquake events: July 4, 2019 M 6.4 and July 6, 2019 M 7.1. Signals from this event were recorded by 12 GPS/GNSS stations within 71 km of the epicenter operated by UNAVCO that were streaming high rate (1-sps / 1 Hz) data in real time. These data allowed peak ground displacements (PGD) to be calculated automatically from the displacement traces within seconds of the earthquake.

Acknowledgments

These data are provided by the GAGE Facility, operated by UNAVCO, Inc., with support from the National Science Foundation and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under NSF Cooperative Agreement EAR-1724794The Network of the Americas (NOTA) is a core component of the NSF GAGE Facility. To acknowledge use of these data please follow the acknowledgment guidelines.

M 7.1 - 18km W of Searles Valley, CA

2019-07-06 03:19:53 (UTC) 35.770°N 117.599°W 8.0 km depth

M 6.4 - 12km SW of Searles Valley, CA

2019-07-04 17:33:49 (UTC) 35.705°N 117.506°W 10.7 km depth

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  • > Event Response to the July 2019 Ridgecrest Earthquake Sequence

Written by:

  • David Phillips and Beth Bartel
  • Posted: 5 July 2019
  • Last updated: 4 December 2020

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FIGURES

Data plots, charts, graphs and photographs related to the event response.

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RESPONSE DATA

Please contact archive-gps@unavco.org for information on data availability. To request access to these and other RT-GPS stations operated by UNAVCO please send an email request to rtgps@unavco.org.

NOTA GPS/GNSS Real Time Data Solutions

Dynamic displacement signals from these earthquakes were recorded by NOTA GNSS stations streaming high-rate (1-sps / 1 Hz) data in real time. These data allowed peak ground displacements (PGDs) to be calculated automatically from the displacement traces within seconds of the earthquake, as the surface waves propagated away from the epicenter.

For the M6.4 2019-07-04 event, the nearest station (P595) recorded a PGD of 113 mm. Using inversions from stations out to 100 km of the epicenter, a “geodetic” magnitude of M6.3 was estimated within 30 seconds of the earthquake occurring. This GNSS-only magnitude only slightly underestimated the final known magnitude.

For the M7.1 2019-07-06 event, the nearest station (P595) recorded a PGD of 697 mm, much larger than the projected value of ~410 mm. The next closest site (CCCC) recorded a PGD of 354 mm, similar to the projected value of 360mm. Using inversions from stations out to 200 km of the epicenter, a “geodetic” magnitude of M 6.9 was estimated within 30 seconds of the earthquake occurring. This GNSS data-only magnitude underestimated the final known magnitude, but was more accurate than the preliminary seismic data-only estimate of M6.2 at 30 seconds after origin time.

Note: Figures and findings are preliminary and subject to revision.

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NOTA GPS/GNSS High Rate Data for Post Processing

For the M6.4 2019-07-04 event, high-rate 5-sps (5 Hz) data are being downloaded from 200+ NOTA stations within ~250 km of the epicenter for a 3-hour time window around the event (± 1.5 hours), as well as 1-sps (1 Hz) data for a 3-day time window (± 1.5 days).

For the M7.1 2019-07-06 event, high-rate 5-sps (5 Hz) data are being downloaded from 700+ NOTA stations within 1,000 km of the epiecenter for a 3-hour time window around the event (± 1.5 hours), as well as 1-sps (1 Hz) data for a 1-day time window (continuing from the 3-day window from the M6.4 download). A map of downloaded stations is provided in Figure 4.

These data will soon be available in RINEX format from the UNAVCO high rate data ftp site.

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GAGE GPS/GNSS Displacement Estimates

Coseismic offsets from this event have been estimated by the GAGE GNSS Analysis Centers (Figure 20). Preliminary “rapid” offsets have been tabulated and published in an event (*.EVT) file available from the UNAVCO event data products ftp site. As more data and final orbits become available, the ACC will also produce a “final” offset solution, as well as offsets estimated from Kalman filter time series analyses. The final event file will be added to the event data products ftp site. The Kalman filter offset solution will be included in the master offset file.

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NOTA Borehole Strainmeter Data

Fully processed 1-sps borehole strainmeter (BSM) datasets for both of these events have been produced. These datasets can be downloaded from the UNAVCO borehole strainmeter event response page. See figures for examples of signals recorded by the BSM network.

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FIELD RESOURCES

In response to a geophysics event, community members are welcome to request GAGE support for campaign instrumentation and/or engineering support through our project support request form.

GAGE provided eight campaign GPS/GNSS sets to the U.S. Geological Survey for post-seismic campaign data collection and ground control for a lidar survey scheduled for 27 July – 1 August 2019.

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GAGE provided 11 campaign GPS/GNSS sets to investigators at University of California Riverside (4) and Scripps (5), as part of an NSF RAPID grant coordinated by University of Southern California for post-seismic campaign data collection.

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For both projects, each set includes a Trimble NetR9 receiver, Trimble Zephyr Geodetic antenna, tripod, tribrach, and optical leveling mount. All data will be free and openly available through the UNAVCO Data Archive.

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