U N A V C O , A N O N - P R O F I T U N I V E R S I T Y - G O V E R N E D C O N S O R T I U M , F A C I L I T A T E S G E O S C I E N C E R E S E A R C H A N D E D U C A T I O N U S I N G G E O D E S Y.
Transforming understanding of Earth systems and hazards using geodesy.
February 12, 2018
NASA’s Space Geodesy Project (SGP) was initiated in order to develop and maintain a global network of next-generation space geodetic observing instruments. Core sites around the globe will use three or four of the primary space-geodetic techniques: Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR), Doppler Orbitography by Radiopositioning Integrated on Satellite (DORIS), and the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
February 21, 2018
Signals from this event were recorded by 23 GPS/GNSS stations operated by UNAVCO, UNAM and collaborators that were streaming high rate (1-sps / 1 Hz) data in real time (Figures 2 and 3). These data allowed peak ground displacements (PGD) to be calculated automatically from the displacement traces within seconds of the earthquake. Note: figures and findings are preliminary and subject to revision.
January 23, 2018
Signals from this event were recorded by 16 UNAVCO GPS stations that were streaming high rate (1-sps / 1 Hz) data in real time (Figures 3 and 4). These data allowed peak ground displacements (PGD) to be calculated automatically from the displacement traces within seconds of the earthquake (Figure 3), with a magnitude derived from inverting the PGDs of M7.8. Note: figures and findings are preliminary and subject to revision.
January 22, 2018
UNAVCO downloaded high-rate 1-sps (1 Hz) and 5-sps (5 Hz) GPS/GNSS data from 18 stations and 1-sps (1 Hz) data only from an additional three stations in response to the M7.5 earthquake 44km E of Great Swan Island, Honduras, on 2017-01-10.
August 11, 2016
Estimates of the probabilities of a magnitude greater than 9.0 earthquake for the Aleutian Islands are about 6.5 to 12 percent over the next 50 years. Such an event poses obvious earthquake and tsunami risks for Alaska and tsunami risks for western North America and Hawaii.
November 3, 2017
Analysis of past earthquakes shows that GPS/GNSS sites can provide high-rate, low-noise data to determine peak ground velocities for earthquakes of magnitude greater than 5.8. The geodetic-derived ground motion can help with earthquake early warning, emergency response and earthquake engineering.
November 21, 2017
The Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation can be used to detect dark matter. Sixteen years of ground-based GPS receiver observations were utilized to look for dark matter passing near Earth. Although no dark matter was detected, the results refine the properties of the universe, the accuracies of atomic clocks and future searches for dark matter.
July 11, 2017
Greenland’s ice and snow mass has been melting at an accelerated rate for many years. A network of GNSS sites, set-up on coastal bedrock, has been utilized to measure a huge outflow of ice and water in 2012 and 2010 from the Rink Glacier. The horizontal motion at the GNSS site captures a solitary mass transport wave traveling coastward down the glacier in the summers of those two melt years.
September 18, 2017
GPS sites in California measure the changing water load due to rainfall, snowfall, groundwater, and drought. The recorded small vertical motions are shown to influence the state of stress on shallow faults. An analysis of fault failure conditions indicate that the rise and fall of the surface due to water loading and unloading creates a small amount of additional stress on the faults and can trigger small earthquakes.
November 8, 2017
Central America faces tsunami threats along the Pacific and Caribbean coasts and at the shores of large lakes. Large earthquakes caused the most damaging tsunamis, however, landslides or volcanic eruptions can cause tsunamis around large lakes. Warning systems rely on seismic and geodetic observations. The Central American Tsunami Advisory Center (CATAC) will use these observations to help reduce losses.
August 31, 2017
An analysis of the 2016 Iniskin earthquake shows how GPS sites in Alaska may augment earthquake early warning. For a large magnitude earthquake that originates at a shallow depth, information from GPS can provide some warning before the shaking arrives in populated areas such as Anchorage. The geodetic data can rapidly and precisely define the earthquake properties to help with response and triggered hazards such as landslides and tsunamis.
Last modified: Friday, 23-Feb-2018 18:57:42 UTC