U N A V C O , A N O N - P R O F I T U N I V E R S I T Y - G O V E R N E D C O N S O R T I U M , F A C I L I T A T E S G E O S C I E N C E R E S E A R C H A N D E D U C A T I O N U S I N G G E O D E S Y.
Transforming understanding of Earth systems and hazards using geodesy.
May 8, 2018
Activity at Kīlauea Volcano on the Big Island of Hawai’i has recently increased. Starting on Monday, April 30, 2018, magma beneath Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō drained and triggered a collapse of the crater floor. Within hours, earthquakes began migrating east of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, signaling an intrusion of magma along the middle and lower East Rift Zone. A new eruption commenced in the Leilani Estates subdivision in the lower East Rift Zone on May 3, 2018, following days of increased earthquake activity and ground deformation.
April 9, 2018
The 2018 UNAVCO Community Science Workshop was held 27-29 March 2018 in Broomfield, Colorado. The UNAVCO Science Workshop provides an opportunity for the UNAVCO community to share their latest science, UNAVCO staff to receive input from the scientific community, and for staff to update the scientific community on available resources. Over 100 university researchers gathered along with federal agency representatives, private industry, and facility staff.
April 6, 2018
UNAVCO is currently downloading high-rate 1-sps (1 Hz) and 5-sps (5 Hz) data from 12 GPS/GNSS stations operated by UNAVCO within 75 km of the epicenter for a 6-hour time window around the event (± 3 hours).
March 12, 2018
UNAVCO has produced a fully processed 1-sps borehole strainmeter (BSM) dataset spanning the time period of this event, available from the PBO borehole strainmeter event response page.
February 28, 2018
A crustal deformation model for the Western United States fits geodetic and geologic observations and shows where major changes in the crust are occurring. Such modeling is critical for earthquake hazard assessments and for understanding Earth processes.
November 3, 2017
Analysis of past earthquakes shows that GPS/GNSS sites can provide high-rate, low-noise data to determine peak ground velocities for earthquakes of magnitude greater than 5.8. The geodetic-derived ground motion can help with earthquake early warning, emergency response and earthquake engineering.
November 21, 2017
The Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation can be used to detect dark matter. Sixteen years of ground-based GPS receiver observations were utilized to look for dark matter passing near Earth. Although no dark matter was detected, the results refine the properties of the universe, the accuracies of atomic clocks and future searches for dark matter.
March 26, 2018
Snow accumulation along the Mercer and Whillans ice streams in West Antarctica was measured between 2007 and 2017 with an array of Global Positioning System (GPS) stations. The snow was measured using the signals from GPS satellites that reflect off of the snow surface into the bottom of the station antenna; an innovative and cost-effective method called GPS interferometric reflectometry (GPS-IR).
September 18, 2017
GPS sites in California measure the changing water load due to rainfall, snowfall, groundwater, and drought. The recorded small vertical motions are shown to influence the state of stress on shallow faults. An analysis of fault failure conditions indicate that the rise and fall of the surface due to water loading and unloading creates a small amount of additional stress on the faults and can trigger small earthquakes.
November 8, 2017
Central America faces tsunami threats along the Pacific and Caribbean coasts and at the shores of large lakes. Large earthquakes caused the most damaging tsunamis, however, landslides or volcanic eruptions can cause tsunamis around large lakes. Warning systems rely on seismic and geodetic observations. The Central American Tsunami Advisory Center (CATAC) will use these observations to help reduce losses.
August 31, 2017
An analysis of the 2016 Iniskin earthquake shows how GPS sites in Alaska may augment earthquake early warning. For a large magnitude earthquake that originates at a shallow depth, information from GPS can provide some warning before the shaking arrives in populated areas such as Anchorage. The geodetic data can rapidly and precisely define the earthquake properties to help with response and triggered hazards such as landslides and tsunamis.
Last modified: Wednesday, 09-May-2018 01:31:57 UTC