U N A V C O , A N O N - P R O F I T U N I V E R S I T Y - G O V E R N E D C O N S O R T I U M , F A C I L I T A T E S G E O S C I E N C E R E S E A R C H A N D E D U C A T I O N U S I N G G E O D E S Y.
Transforming understanding of Earth systems and hazards using geodesy.
January 8, 2018
In response to the Mw 4.4 Berkeley, California earthquake on 2018-01-04, UNAVCO is downloading high-rate 5-sps (5 Hz) GPS/GNSS data from 18 Plate Boundary Observatory stations within or close to a 50-mile radius around the epicenter for a 3-day period around the event (day of event ± 1 day). A map of GPS stations being downloaded is shown in Figure 2. These data will be available from the UNAVCO high rate data page.
December 18, 2017
It can be challenging to feature ever-evolving geodetic methods when teaching undergraduates. At the same time it can be difficult to engage students in geoscience topics that may appear very distant from their lives. The GEodesy Tools for Societal Issues (GETSI) project seeks to address both these challenges by providing teaching materials that feature geodetic data and quantitative skills applied to societally important issues (climate change, natural hazards, and water resources)./p>
November 27, 2017
In response to the M6.5 earthquake 16km SE of Jaco, Costa Rica, on 2017-11-13, high-rate 5-sps (5 Hz) GPS/GNSS data were downloaded from 17 stations, including 7 COCONet stations, within 350 km of the epicenter for a ±1.5-hour period around the event (3 hours total, from 01:00-03:59 UTC).
August 11, 2016
Estimates of the probabilities of a magnitude greater than 9.0 earthquake for the Aleutian Islands are about 6.5 to 12 percent over the next 50 years. Such an event poses obvious earthquake and tsunami risks for Alaska and tsunami risks for western North America and Hawaii.
November 3, 2017
Analysis of past earthquakes shows that GPS/GNSS sites can provide high-rate, low-noise data to determine peak ground velocities for earthquakes of magnitude greater than 5.8. The geodetic-derived ground motion can help with earthquake early warning, emergency response and earthquake engineering.
November 21, 2017
The Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation can be used to detect dark matter. Sixteen years of ground-based GPS receiver observations were utilized to look for dark matter passing near Earth. Although no dark matter was detected, the results refine the properties of the universe, the accuracies of atomic clocks and future searches for dark matter.
July 11, 2017
Greenland’s ice and snow mass has been melting at an accelerated rate for many years. A network of GNSS sites, set-up on coastal bedrock, has been utilized to measure a huge outflow of ice and water in 2012 and 2010 from the Rink Glacier. The horizontal motion at the GNSS site captures a solitary mass transport wave traveling coastward down the glacier in the summers of those two melt years.
September 18, 2017
GPS sites in California measure the changing water load due to rainfall, snowfall, groundwater, and drought. The recorded small vertical motions are shown to influence the state of stress on shallow faults. An analysis of fault failure conditions indicate that the rise and fall of the surface due to water loading and unloading creates a small amount of additional stress on the faults and can trigger small earthquakes.
November 8, 2017
Central America faces tsunami threats along the Pacific and Caribbean coasts and at the shores of large lakes. Large earthquakes caused the most damaging tsunamis, however, landslides or volcanic eruptions can cause tsunamis around large lakes. Warning systems rely on seismic and geodetic observations. The Central American Tsunami Advisory Center (CATAC) will use these observations to help reduce losses.
August 31, 2017
An analysis of the 2016 Iniskin earthquake shows how GPS sites in Alaska may augment earthquake early warning. For a large magnitude earthquake that originates at a shallow depth, information from GPS can provide some warning before the shaking arrives in populated areas such as Anchorage. The geodetic data can rapidly and precisely define the earthquake properties to help with response and triggered hazards such as landslides and tsunamis.
Last modified: Friday, 12-Jan-2018 02:12:01 UTC