Written by John Galetzka and Beth Bartel
4 May 2020
Florida coastal communities are periodically subjected to flooding events, which are induced by heavy rain, high tide, and storm surge. Over the past decade several coastal communities have experienced an increase in flooding frequency, causing significant impacts to property, commerce, and overall quality of life. Shimon Wdowinski’s recent study of Miami Beach flooding has shown that flooding frequency in the city doubled during the years 2006-2013 when compared with the previous eight-year period of 1998-2005, primarily as a result of an increased number of high tide events.
Increasing coastal flooding has occurred mainly due to higher sea level, but can also be affected by land subsidence. In this project, Shimon and his team measure land subsidence along the urban section of the Miami-Dade coastline using precise geodetic observations. These measurements will be used to evaluate the contribution of land subsidence to the increased coastal flooding hazards along the coast of Miami-Dade County.
After a year-long process of site selection and permitting in Miami-Dade county, installation of four GNSS stations began in February, 2020. One geodetic monument (FCI1) was anchored into a relatively stable broken coral beach berm formed during a sea-level highstand, while three other braced monuments (FCI2, FCHO, and FCDE) were intentionally anchored to only 1-meter depth in land reclaimed from Biscayne Bay. Dr. Talib Oliver-Cabrera, a post-doc researcher at FIU who is now at JPL, worked on the site selection and permitting for the project.
Last modified: 2020-05-04 12:55:23 America/Denver