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2005 UNAVCO Highlights
Title Date
PBO Responds to Unrest at Augustine Volcano, Alaska PBO Responds to Unrest at Augustine Volcano, Alaska One of the key goals of the NSF-funded EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) project, capturing deformation related to magmatic processes along the Aleutian volcanic arc, is being met in dramatic fashion on Augustine Volcano, Alaska.
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2005-12-20
PBO GPS Station Installed at the SAFOD Drill Site PBO GPS Station Installed at the SAFOD Drill Site PBO and SAFOD, two of three elements of the EarthScope Project, combined efforts to permit and install a deep-drill braced monument GPS station near the SAFOD borehole in Parkfield, CA. Data from this GPS station will compliment the data set from the SAFOD drill hole. Additionally, this station will measure post seismic deformation following the September 2004 seismic event in Parkfield, CA.
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2005-11-12
2005 UNAVCO Intern Presents Multipath Research at Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science Conference UNAVCO's Research Experience in Solid Earth Science for Students (RESESS) program launched in the summer of 2005 with intern Stephen Hernández. Stephen conducted research with mentor Dr. Kristine Larson of the University of Colorado and staff at UNAVCO on multipath sources at the Parkfield GPS array.
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2005-11
Socorro Magma Uplift Two permanent GPS sites were installed by contingents from UNAVCO, Georgia Tech, New Mexico Tech, and the New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Geology in November 2005 north of Socorro, New Mexico.
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2005-11
Successful Completion of Challenging Yellowstone National Park GPS Installation Successful Completion of Challenging Yellowstone National Park GPS Installation A GPS site located on the Promontory in Yellowstone National Park (P709) was successfully completed during the last week in September. The Promontory is a peninsula between the South and Southeast Arms of Yellowstone Lake. Because of the location and accessibility, this site has been thought from the beginning to be one of the most difficult YNP sites to permit and install.
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2005-10-21
PBO Geodetic Data Products Now Available PBO Geodetic Data Products Now Available UNAVCO is pleased to announce a significant milestone for the NSF-funded EarthScope project and the larger geodetic community: processed geodetic data products are now available from the Plate Boundary Observatory. With this milestone, the community now has, for the first time, free and open access to a full suite of geodetic data products spanning the frequency spectrum from periods of seconds to years, and produced using fully documented, community vetted methods.
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2005-10-13
Cayuga/IAGT SuomiNet GPS Station A deep drilled braced monument has been installed in Auburn, New York for the Institute for the Application of Geospatial Technology (IAGT); in association with Cayuga Community College. Cayuga/IAGT is a participant in the SuomiNet GPS project.
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2005-10
Hybrid PBO Sites Shore-NW and Floequarry Will Offer a Comprehensive Look at the Plate Boundary of the Pacific Northwest at all Frequencies Hybrid PBO Sites Shore-NW and Floequarry Will Offer a Comprehensive Look at the Plate Boundary of the Pacific Northwest at all Frequencies The Plate Boundary Observatory has met another significant milestone in the MREFC phase. On September 12, 2005, PBO engineers Mike Hasting and Peter Gray completed the first co-located borehole strainmeter (BSM) and GPS site. The combination of these two instruments at one site will provide comprehensive coverage of deformation from 100ths of seconds to 10s of years by collocating seismometer, borehole strainmeter, pore pressure monitor, and precision GPS sensors at a single site.
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2005-09-30
First EarthScope PBO Raw Strainmeter Data Available First EarthScope PBO Raw Strainmeter Data Available We, along with our partners at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), the IRIS Data Management Center (IRIS DMC), and the Northern California Earthquake Data Center (NCEDC) at the University of California, Berkeley, are pleased to announce that the first raw strainmeter data from the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory are now available.
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2005-09-16
PBO Borehole Strainmeters Ready for Canada Installations PBO Borehole Strainmeters Ready for Canada Installations Since early August, PBO strainmeter crews have been working on Vancouver Island to create a network of borehole strainmeters. As of this writing, four new boreholes have been drilled on the Island, three at the Pacific Geoscience Center (PGC) located in Sidney, and one at the Ucluelet Coastguard Station on the western side of the Island. Unlike the previous strainmeter installs, a challenge at these Canadian sites has been to contain and remove all liquid and solid matter, or "cuttings," extracted during the drilling operation. This process is required by the site permits so as not to contaminate the local bays with silt from the cuttings.
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2005-09-11
RETREAT, Northern Italy Eight semi-continuous GPS sites were established in northern Italy in June 2005 as part of the ongoing RETREAT (Retreating-trench, Extension and Accretion Tectonics) project. Each site was equipped with a Trimble NetRS receiver and a Trimble Zephyr Geodetic antenna.
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2005-09
Baltoro Glacier Surface Velocity Survey, Pakistan UNAVCO GPS receivers were used to repeatedly determine the location of a network of stakes both across and along the Baltoro Glacier, Pakistan. Measurements were made from the glacier terminus to K2 base camp over a horizontal distance of ~40 km.
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2005-09
Yucca Mountain Expansion Project The first round of installations was completed for the Yucca Mountain Expansion project for the California Institute of Technology and Harvard-Smithsonian. The project, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, is part of the Yucca Mountain feasibility study.
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2005-09
GULFNET Rapid Deployment The UNAVCO Facility responded to a rapid response request by PIs Giovanni Sella and Roy Dokka to re-establish the Grand Isle, LA continuous GULFNET station which was damaged by Hurricane Katrina. GULFNET is a multiagency supported continuous GPS network that is used for scientific research and navigation.
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2005-09
GPS Monitoring of Upcoming Cascadia Episodic Tremor and Slip Event GPS Monitoring of Upcoming Cascadia Episodic Tremor and Slip Event With 10 GPS stations recently installed across the northern Olympic Peninsula, the campaign GPS deployment to monitor the imminent Cascadia episodic tremor and slip event is underway. On August 4, 2005, permitting was completed for GPS installations in Olympic National Park where the bulk of the sites on the peninsula will be located. Since then, four GPS stations have been installed in the park and another 20 GPS units are scheduled for deployment in the Olympic Peninsula and Puget Sound regions in upcoming weeks.
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2005-08-22
Students Work Students Work "Hands-On" with the PBO Project With PBO reconnaissance and installation in full swing for the summer, UNAVCO has hired several Student Assistants on field crews in four of the six regions. One Summer Student Assistant has also been hired to help with data management at UNAVCO headquarters in Boulder, CO. These summer jobs are part of UNAVCO's efforts to broaden participation in science by including students in UNAVCO, PBO, and EarthScope activities.'
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2005-08-02
Antarctic Survey Training A three-day training course was held at UNAVCO for members of three science groups who will be using precision GPS equipment in the upcoming Antarctic field season. This course covered the basics of GPS technology, Trimble 5700/R7 receiver systems, survey techniques, and data processing and quality checking using Trimble Geomatics Office software.
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2005-08
Extreme Environment Testing of Trimble NetRS Receivers The UNAVCO Facility has begun testing all Trimble NetRS receivers in the newly acquired temperature chamber to ensure that all components meet the manufacturer environmental specifications. Currently, eight receivers can be tested at one time.
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2005-08
Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM) Survey of the southern San Andreas and San Jacinto faults An ultra high resolution topographic dataset covering major fault systems in Southern California was produced using Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM), airborne photogrametry and GPS. The survey area included nearly 1000 km of the San Andreas and San Jacinto faults, from Parkfield in the north to the Salton Sea in the south.
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2005-08
Summit Camp Survey, Greenland Several surveying tasks were completed at Summit Camp, a research station at the highest point of the Greenland ice sheet. The camp layout and infrastructure had changed significantly since the last UNAVCO survey in 2003, so the camp was re-surveyed and the camp plan drawing was updated to reflect the current layout.
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2005-08
Yellowstone Park GPS Installation Update Yellowstone Park GPS Installation Update Based in Montana for the summer, the Rocky Mountain regional staff is working in the Yellowstone/Teton area to install GPS monuments, set up a communications network, and perform reconnaissance and permitting activities throughout Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho. There are currently eight sites scheduled to be installed in Yellowstone National Park over the next several months: five monument installations this summer and three installed next summer (2006). So far, six of the eight sites have been identified and permitted. Additionally, a few sites just outside of the park are part of the Yellowstone monitoring network.
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2005-07-27
PBO Crews Hit the Mark on Akutan Volcano, Alaska! PBO Crews Hit the Mark on Akutan Volcano, Alaska! The PBO crews on Akutan have reached their goal of installing eight continuous GPS stations as of July 5th, a full week and 25 hours of helicopter time ahead of the project schedule. The PBO crews have persevered through difficult weather and challenging environment. The following are details of the PBO crew member experiences since July 26, 2005 through July 5, 2005 provided by Mike Jackson, PBO Director and leader of the Akutan installations.
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2005-07-08
PBO's Rocky Mountain Regional Staff Relocate to Montana for Summer Season PBO's Rocky Mountain Regional Staff Relocate to Montana for Summer Season PBO Rocky Mountain Regional Engineer Steve Borenstein and Field Engineer David Kasmer loaded up their truck and trailer with over a ton of GPS equipment and drove from their office in Boulder, Colorado to Bozeman, Montana, where they will remain for the duration of the summer. Steve, David, and Field Engineer Tom Lyman will install 12 (8 shallow-drilled and 4 deep-drilled) GPS monuments and set up a communications network in the Yellowstone/Teton region. Concurrently, the crew is working on reconnaissance and permitting activities throughout Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho.
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2005-07-05
GGN Pietown GPS System Maintenance A site maintenance visit was recently conducted at the PieTown, NM (PIE1) IGS station. The station is co-located with the PieTown VLBA station. After an earlier antenna replacement this summer an anomalous error was noticed, manifesting itself as a large position offset.
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2005-07
Cascadia Episodic Tremor and Slip Event The campaign GPS deployment to monitor the upcoming Cascadia Episodic Tremor and Slip event is underway, with the first 3 of an expected 30 stations installed on 2 August in the western Olympic Peninsula.
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2005-07
RETREAT, Northern Italy Eight semi-continuous GPS sites were established in northern Italy in June 2005 as part of the ongoing RETREAT (Retreating-trench, Extension and Accretion Tectonics) project. Each site was equipped with a Trimble NetRS receiver and a Trimble Zephyr Geodetic antenna.
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2005-07
High Arctic Field Course UNAVCO provided one field engineer to help instruct and field assist a three-week High Arctic Field Course lead by Ron Sletten (University of Washington) and Jeffrey Welker (University of Alaska, Anchorage). The course included twelve students from a variety of universities and of both biology and geology backgrounds, and at different stages of their academic careers.
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2005-07
GPS Installations Heat up on Akutan Volcano, Alaska GPS Installations Heat up on Akutan Volcano, Alaska PBO, with our partners at the Alaska Volcano Observatory, has begun to install continuous GPS stations on the third volcano in the PBO network: Akutan, a 1300-meter-tall composite stratovolcano located in the Aleutian Islands about 1200 km SW of Anchorage, Alaska. Akutan was chosen as a target for PBO GPS studies because it is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutians, with 30 recorded historic eruptions including one in 1992, as well as intense ground deformation related to shallow dike intrusion in 1996. Akutan also has diverse magmatic systems, ranging from basalt through rhyolite, though most of its lavas are andesitic. PBO’s GPS studies of Akutan will help us better understand magma movements beneath plate margin volcanoes in a subduction zone, the dynamics of eruptive and intrusive processes, and help scientists improve eruption prediction and volcano hazards mitigation. PBO plans to install eight continuous GPS stations on Akutan during the next few weeks.
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2005-06-28
First EarthScope Borehole Strainmeter Installation Completed! First EarthScope Borehole Strainmeter Installation Completed! Excited to complete the final installation steps of the first EarthScope borehole strainmeter, the PBO strainmeter crew began work early on Friday morning. After connecting the AC power at the enclosure, the engineers interfaced the strainmeter and other instruments with the power and opto-isolation systems. Following that, engineers assembled the satellite communications system (VSAT), connected it to the instrumentation, and began testing seismic and strainmeter data communications. Hurray!'
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2005-06-21
First EarthScope Laser Strainmeter Installation Completed! First EarthScope Laser Strainmeter Installation Completed! A significant milestone has been reached for the Plate Boundary Observatory component of the EarthScope project. The first long-baseline laser strainmeter installation was completed on June 1, 2005. Since then, the strainmeter has successfully returned data to the Plate Boundary Observatory Data Collection Center located in Boulder, Colorado.
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2005-06-20
Day Four of First Strainmeter Installation: Putting the Pieces Together Day Four of First Strainmeter Installation: Putting the Pieces Together Upon arriving at the site, we found good news: the concrete successfully blocked up the 6-inch casing, as the artesian water flowing out of the borehole now only comes out of the 2-inch PVC that holds the seismometer. From the opening of the borehole, crews measured 322 feet down to the top of the concrete. This area will be left open to allow the potential for other instruments to be installed in the future.
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2005-06-20
Day Three: Installation Continues, and First Earthquake recorded! Day Three: Installation Continues, and First Earthquake recorded! Flush with the successful installation of the first PBO borehole strainmeter and seismometer, crews continued to finish work at the Hoko Falls station. The next steps included pouring layers of cement and sand into the borehole. First, 20-foot sections of 1-inch PVC were inserted into the borehole to a depth of 530 feet. After the field crew tested the seismometer and strainmeter instruments one last time for peace of mind, they lined up 94-pound cement bags and large buckets of water beside the mixer.
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2005-06-17
First EarthScope Strainmeter Officially Installed! First EarthScope Strainmeter Officially Installed! Crews arrived at the Hoko borehole site first thing Tuesday morning ready to begin the testing of the strainmeter and continue preparing for the installation. First, crews tested the “trip mechanism” - a device that is used to dispense the grout once the 30’ dump bailer touches the bottom of the borehole. A couple of dry runs to the bottom of the borehole proved successful activation of the trip mechanism upon reaching the floor of the hole.
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2005-06-15
PBO Strainmeter Crews Ready for First Installation – Take Two! PBO Strainmeter Crews Ready for First Installation – Take Two! PBO Strainmeter Engineers Bob Mueller, Mike Hasting, and Wade Johnson have been anxiously waiting for this week to arrive. After detecting unwanted noise while testing the first PBO borehole strainmeter during the first scheduled installation in March 2005, crews had to delay installation for “Unit 0” until the problem was identified and repaired. Once the unit was returned to the manufacturer’s labs in Australia, a small amount of condensation was detected in the instrument and was the culprit causing the extra noise. Since then, the problem has been repaired and the strainmeter sent back to the United States for this second installation attempt.
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2005-06-14
NCA EBRP GPS installations: San Andreas Mega Cluster NCA EBRP GPS installations: San Andreas Mega Cluster PBO's Northern California region just finished a number of GPS installations throughout the East Bay regional parks (EBRP). Bulk permits for 10 GPS sites were obtained from EBRP and eight stations have been installed, three of which are deep drill braced monuments.
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2005-06-02
Antenna Acceleration Calibration As the accuracy of GPS estimates of site position continues to improve the detection of smaller geophysical signals becomes possible. The capability of GPS for detecting short-term transient motions such as the minute motions caused by surface waves of seismic origin will be assessed.
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2005-05
Barrow Arctic Science Consortium DGPS System Upgrade and Training UNAVCO coordinated an annual site visit to the Barrow Arctic Science Consortium (BASC) facility with the arrival of the research team from University of Texas, El Paso, (UTEP) to both upgrade the DGPS base receiver and train the UTEP team on the system.
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2005-05
PBO Presence at the 2005 EarthScope National Meeting PBO Presence at the 2005 EarthScope National Meeting EarthScope held their first National Meeting on March 28-31, 2005 at the Tamaya Resort in Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico. The meeting began with presentations given by the EarthScope Organizing Committee on State of EarthScope – Science, Community, and Facility, and a keynote talk given by special guest Robert Smith, from the University of Utah, entitled “Yellowstone Hotspot: Integrative Research and Complimentary Goals of EarthScope.” The following days included several presentations on Science, Education, and Outreach, and a conclusion presentation on The EarthScope Vision.
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2005-04-07
Survey training in Fairbanks, Alaska An 8-person, three-day course was taught by UNAVCO at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, in April 2005. The class was a hands-on introduction to scientific surveying using UNAVCO GPS equipment, specifically, Trimble 5700/R7s. Static, fast static, post-processing kinematic, and real-time kinematic techniques were covered.
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2005-04
Toolik Field Station DGPS system upgrade A Trimble NetRS receiver was installed as a real-time kinematic base at Toolik Field Station (TFS), on the north side of Alaska's Brooks Range. The NetRS replaced a Trimble 5700 installed in 2004, when the RTK system was established.
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2005-04
Installation of the first Strainmeter Instrument (3) Installation of the first Strainmeter Instrument (3) Crews woke up to drizzling rain and cloudy skies this morning. Despite small openings in the sky, the wet weather persisted intermittently throughout the day. As the installation steps continued to be refined through "dry runs" outside the borehole, testing continued on the strainmeter. Inside the enclosed walls of a large truck to protect from them from the rain, PBO personnel continued to learn the workings and test results of the instrument. Unfortunately, unexplained noise appeared in the test results, and crews spent the rest of the afternoon trying to diagnose the problem.
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2005-03-25
Installation of the first Strainmeter Instrument (2) Installation of the first Strainmeter Instrument (2) Crews met early this morning to begin working on the installation process. Another unusually sunny day in Sekiu, crews started out preparing the grouting pump and mixer. Test batches of grout were mixed to find the ideal consistency for the strainmeter install and to become familiar with the window of time available before the grout sets.
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2005-03-16
Installation of the first Strainmeter Instrument Installation of the first Strainmeter Instrument After many months of planning and preparing, today marks the beginning of a new stage in the Plate Boundary Observatory project: installation of the first PBO strainmeter instrument.
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2005-03-15
NASA/GGN Station Upgrade, Cordoba, Argentina The NASA/GGN Cordoba (CORD) GPS station is located at the Comision Nacional De Actividades Espaciales (CONAE) facility between Alta Gracia and Cordoba, in Argentina. The CONAE facility was originally used by the Argentinean military for missile development and testing.
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2005-03
Mauna Loa Continuous GPS Network Install The University of Hawaii, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and the UNAVCO Facility installed eleven new continuous GPS sites on Mauna Loa volcano, Hawaii, in March 2005.
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2005-03
Transform Working Group Congregates in Sacramento to Discuss PBO Site Locations in Northern and Southern California Transform Working Group Congregates in Sacramento to Discuss PBO Site Locations in Northern and Southern California The Transform Site Selection Working Group met in Sacramento, California, for a one-day meeting on February 18, 2005. Led by Gerald Bawden, chair of the working group, the meeting adjourned at the end of the day with comprehensive station siting recommendations for the Northern and Southern California regions.
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2005-02-28
Extension Site Selection Working Group Convenes in Tucson to Discuss PBO Basin & Range GPS Site Locations Extension Site Selection Working Group Convenes in Tucson to Discuss PBO Basin & Range GPS Site Locations A well defined and timely action plan recommendation is the result of a two-day Extension Working Group meeting held in Tucson, Arizona. Led by Rick Bennett, chair of the working group, the committee discussed the prioritization and possible re-location of planned GPS sites in the Basin and Range region.
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2005-02-08
PBO Borehole Coring Begins: Crews Discover First Strainmeter Instrument Site PBO Borehole Coring Begins: Crews Discover First Strainmeter Instrument Site The morning of January 18th 2005 kicked off the next step in the PBO Strainmeter installation process: coring of the drilled boreholes. Coring began at the Goldbeck site, one of the eight boreholes drilled in the Pacific Northwest region. This next step is essential in determining whether or not the chosen borehole location is made up of competent enough rock to host a strainmeter instrument.
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2005-01-25
PBO Magmatic Systems Working Group Discusses Y2 Installations PBO Magmatic Systems Working Group Discusses Y2 Installations Members of the Magmatic Systems Working Group convened in Vancouver, WA on January 18, 2005 to discuss scientific priorities for this years upcoming strainmeter and GPS installations located on and around volcanoes and calderas. The group meets once per year to advise PBO on science priorities and provide specific recommendations for station relocations. This year the PBO working group used the USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory facilities to hold the all-day meeting. Site selection and relocation issues were discussed for the Alaska (Aleutians), Rocky Mountain (Yellowstone), Pacific Northwest (Cascades volcanoes), Northern California (Mt. Shasta and Medicine Lake), and Southern California (Long Valley) regions. Committee members discussed recent volcanic unrest combined with existing and planned infrastructure.
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2005-01-21
Preliminary analyses of the 12/26/2004 Mw 9.0 Earthquake in Indonesia Dr. Jeff Freymueller (University of Alaska) has analyzed the most recent data from the CGPS site SAMP (Sampali, Medan, Sumatra), located on the east coast of Sumatra. The solutions for the coseismic offset below represent the average of one week before and one week after the quake. Pre-quake solutions use JPL final orbits, post-quake use JPL rapid, and all solutions have been independently transformed to ITRF2000.
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2005-01
Tundralab Receiver and Power Install A testbed receiver and power system was recently installed on Niwot Ridge near the Continental Divide. The Niwot Ridge tundralab is located at 11,600 feet on the Continental Divide at the University of Colorado Mountain Research Station Facility.
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2005-01
 

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